Learn About Countries

 
Angola
Official Name
:
Republic of Angola
Flag Description
:
Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and black with a centered yellow emblem consisting of a five-pointed star within half a cogwheel crossed by a machete (in the style of a hammer and sickle)
Location
:
Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Namibia and Democratic Republic of the Congo
Area
:
Total: 1,246,700 sq km; slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Capital
:
Luanda
Climate
:
Semi-arid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April)
Population
:
12,127,071 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups
:
Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, Mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%.

Benin

Official Name
:
Republic of Benin
Flag Description
:
Two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and red (bottom) with a vertical green band on the hoist side
Location
:
Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Nigeria and Togo
Area
:
Total: 112,620 sq km; slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
Capital
:
Porto-Novo
Climate
:
Tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north
Population
:
7,862,944
Ethnic Groups
:
African 99% (42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, Bariba), Europeans 5,500

Botswana

Official Name
:
Republic of Botswana
Flag Description
:
Light blue with a horizontal white-edged black stripe in the center
Location
:
Southern Africa, north of South Africa
Area
:
600,370 sq km; slightly smaller than Texas
Capital
:
Gaborone
Climate
:
Semiarid; warm winters and hot summers
Population
:
1,639,833
Ethnic Groups
:
Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%

Cameroon

Official Name
:
Republic of Cameroon
Flag Description
:
Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), red, and yellow with a yellow five-pointed star centered in the red band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
Location
:
Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria
Area
:
Total: 475,440 sq km
Capital
:
Slightly larger than California
Climate
:
Varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north
Population
:
17,340,702
Ethnic Groups
:
Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%

Ethiopia

Official Name
:
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Flag Description
:
Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and red with a yellow pentagram and single yellow rays emanating from the angles between the points on a light blue disk centered on the three bands; Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa, and the three main colors of her flag were so often adopted by other African countries upon independence that they became known as the pan-African colors
Location
:
Southern Africa, north of South Africa
Area
:
Total: 1,127,127 sq km (slightly less than twice the size of Texas)
Capital
:
Addis Ababa
Climate
:
Tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation
Population
:
73,053,286
Ethnic Groups
:
Oromo 40%, Amhara and Tigre 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1%

Ghana

Official Name
:
Republic of Ghana
Flag Description
:
Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green with a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia; similar to the flag of Bolivia, which has a coat of arms centered in the yellow band
Location
:
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo
Area
:
Total: 239,460 sq km (slightly smaller than Oregon)
Capital
:
Accra
Climate
:
Tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north
Population
:
21,029,853
Ethnic Groups
:
Black African 98.5% (major tribes - Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%, Gurma 3%, Yoruba 1%), European and other 1.5% (1998)

Guinea

Official Name
:
Republic of Guinea
Flag Description
:
Three equal vertical bands of red (hoist side), yellow, and green; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
Location
:
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone
Area
:
Total: 245,857 sq km; land: 245,857 sq km; water: 0 sq km
Capital
:
Conakry
Climate
:
Generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Population
:
9,690,222 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups
:
Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%

Guinea-Bissau

Official Name
:
Guinea-Bissau
Flag Description
:
Two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and green with a vertical red band on the hoist side; there is a black five-pointed star centered in the red band
Location
:
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Senegal
Area
:
Total: 36,120 sq km land: 28,000 sq km ; water: 8,120 sq km
Capital
:
Bissau
Climate
:
Tropical; generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Population
:
1,442,029 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups
:
African 99% (includes Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%,) European and mulatto less than 1%

Kenya

Official Name
:
Republic of Kenya
Location
:
Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania
Area
:
Total: 582,650 sq km (slightly more than twice the size of Nevada)
Capital
:
Nairobi
Climate
:
Varies from tropical along coast to arid in interior
Population
:
34,707,817
Ethnic Groups
:
Kikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%

Lesotho

Official Name
:
Kingdom of Lesotho
Flag Description
:
Three horizontal stripes of blue (top), white, and green in the proportions of 3:4:3; the colors represent rain, peace, and prosperity respectively; centered in the white stripe is a black Basotho hat representing the indigenous people; the flag was unfurled in October 2006 to celebrate 40 years of independence
Location
:
Southern Africa, an enclave of South Africa
Area
:
Total: 30,355 sq km ;land: 30,355 sq km;water: 0 sq km
Capital
:
Maseru
Climate
:
Temperate; Cool to cold, Dry winters; Hot, Wet summers
Population
:
2,022,331
Ethnic Groups
:
Sotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%

Liberia

Official Name
:
Republic of Liberia
Flag Description
:
11 equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; there is a white five-pointed star on a blue square in the upper hoist-side corner; the design was based on the US flag
Location
:
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Cote d'Ivoire and Sierra Leone
Area
:
111,370 sq km, slightly larger than Tennessee
Capital
:
Monrovia
Climate
:
Tropical; Hot, Humid; Dry winters with hot days and cool to cold nights; Wet, Cloudy summers with frequent heavy showers
Population
:
3,042,004 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups
:
indigenous African 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandingo, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)

Libya

Official Name
:
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Flag Description
:
Plain green
Location
:
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia
Area
:
1,759,540 sq km, slightly larger than Alaska
Capital
:
Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Climate
:
Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior
Population
:
5,900,754
Ethnic Groups
:
Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)

Madagascar

Official Name
:
Republic of Madagascar
Flag Description
:
Two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a vertical white band of the same width on hoist side
Location
:
Southern Africa, Island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique
Area
:
587,040 sq km, slightly less than twice the size of Arizona
Capital
:
Antananarivo
Climate
:
Tropical along coast, Temperate inland, Arid in south
Population
:
18,595,469 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups
:
Malayo-Indonesian (Me Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)rina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran

Malawi

Official Name
:
Republic of Malawi
Flag Description
:
Three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green with a radiant, rising, red sun centered in the black band
Location
:
Southern Africa, east of Zambia
Area
:
118,480 sq km, slightly smaller than Pennsylvania
Capital
:
Lilongwe
Climate
:
Sub-tropical; Rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)
Population
:
13,013,926
Ethnic Groups
:
Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European

Mauritania

Official Name
:
Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Flag Description
:
Green with a yellow five-pointed star above a yellow, horizontal crescent; the closed side of the crescent is down; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam
Location
:
Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara
Area
:
1,030,700 sq km
Capital
:
Nouakchott
Climate
:
desert; Constantly hot, dry, Dusty
Population
:
3,177,388 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups
:
Mixed Moor/Black 40%, Moor 30%, Black 30%

Mauritius

Official Name
:
Republic of Mauritius
Flag Description
:
Four equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue, yellow, and green
Location
:
Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Area
:
2,040 sq km, almost 11 times the size of Washington, DC
Capital
:
Port Louis
Climate
:
Tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)
Population
:
1,240,827 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups
:
Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%

Morocco

Official Name
:
Kingdom of Morocco
Flag Description
:
Red with a green pentacle (five-pointed, linear star) known as Sulayman's (Solomon's) seal in the center of the flag; red and green are traditional colors in Arab flags, although the use of red is more commonly associated with the Arab states of the Persian gulf; design dates to 1912
Location
:
Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara
Area
:
446,550 sq km, slightly larger than California
Capital
:
Rabat
Climate
:
Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior
Population
:
33,241,259 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups
:
Arab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%

Mozambique

Official Name
:
Republic of Mozambique
Flag Description
:
Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), black, and yellow with a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; the black band is edged in white; centered in the triangle is a yellow five-pointed star bearing a crossed rifle and hoe in black superimposed on an open white book
Location
:
Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania
Area
:
801,590 sq km, slightly less than twice the size of California
Capital
:
Maputo
Climate
:
Tropical to subtropical
Population
:
19,686,505
Ethnic Groups
:
African 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%

Niger

Official Name
:
Republic of Niger
Flag Description
:
Three equal horizontal bands of orange (top), white, and green with a small orange disk (representing the sun) centered in the white band
Location
:
Western Africa, southeast of Algeria
Area
:
Total: 1.267 million sq km; slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Capital
:
Niamey
Climate
:
Desert; mostly hot, dry, dusty; tropical in extreme south
Population
:
12,525,094 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups
:
Hausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates

Nigeria

Official Name
:
Federal Republic of Nigeria
Flag Description
:
Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green
Location
:
Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon
Area
:
Total: 923,768 sq km (slightly more than twice the size of California)
Capital
:
Abuja; On 12 December 1991 the capital was officially transferred from Lagos to Abuja; most federal government offices have now moved to Abuja
Climate
:
varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north
Population
:
128,771,988
Ethnic Groups
:
Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%

Rwanda

Official Name
:
Republic of Rwanda
Flag Description
:
Three horizontal bands of sky blue (top, double width), yellow, and green, with a golden sun with 24 rays near the fly end of the blue band
Location
:
Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Area
:
Total: 26,338 sq km; slightly smaller than Maryland
Capital
:
Kigali
Climate
:
Temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible
Population
:
8,648,248
Ethnic Groups
:
Hutu (Bantu) 84%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 15%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%

Senegal

Official Name
:
Republic of Senegal
Flag Description
:
Three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red with a small green five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
Location
:
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania
Area
:
Total: 196,190 sq km (slightly smaller than South Dakota)
Capital
:
Dakar
Climate
:
Tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind
Population
:
11,126,832
Ethnic Groups
:
Wolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%

Sao Tome and Principe

Official Name
:
Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
Flag Description
:
Three horizontal bands of green (top), yellow (double width), and green with two black five-pointed stars placed side by side in the center of the yellow band and a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
Location
:
Western Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, straddling the Equator, west of Gabon
Area
:
Total: 1,001 sq km; more than five times the size of Washington, DC
Capital
:
Sao Tome
Climate
:
Tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May)
Population
:
193,413 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups
:
Mestico, Angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), Forros (descendants of freed slaves), Servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), Tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)

Seychelles

Official Name
:
Republic of Seychelles
Flag Description
:
Five oblique bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, red, white, and green (bottom) radiating from the bottom of the hoist side
Location
:
Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar
Area
:
Total: 455 sq km; 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC\
Capital
:
Victoria
Climate
:
Tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)
Population
:
81,541 (July 2006 est)
Ethnic Groups
:
Mixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab

Sierra Leone

Official Name
:
Republic of Sierra Leone
Flag Description
:
Three equal horizontal bands of light green (top), white, and light blue
Location
:
Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia
Area
:
Total: 71,740 sq km; slightly smaller than South Carolina
Capital
:
Freetown
Climate
:
Tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April)
Population
:
6,005,250 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups
:
20 African ethnic groups 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians

Somalia

Official Name
:
Somalia
Flag Description
:
light blue with a large white five-pointed star in the center; blue field influenced by the flag of the UN
Location
:
Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia
Area
:
Total 637,657 sq km; slightly smaller than Texas
Capital
:
Mogadishu
Climate
:
principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and very hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons
Population
:
8,863,338
Ethnic Groups
:
Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)

South Africa

Official Name
:
Republic of South Africa
Flag Description
:
Two equal width horizontal bands of red (top) and blue separated by a central green band which splits into a horizontal Y, the arms of which end at the corners of the hoist side; the Y embraces a black isosceles triangle from which the arms are separated by narrow yellow bands; the red and blue bands are separated from the green band and its arms by narrow white stripes
Location
:
Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa
Area
:
1,219,912 sq km (slightly less than twice the size of Texas
Capital
:
Pretoria
Climate
:
Mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights
Population
:
44,187,637
Ethnic Groups
:
Black African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5% (2001 census)

Sudan

Official Name
:
Republic of the Sudan
Flag Description
:
Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black with a green isosceles triangle based on the hoist side
Location
:
Northern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea
Area
:
Total: 2,505,810 sq km; slightly more than one-quarter the size of the US
Capital
:
Khartoum
Climate
:
Tropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season varies by region (April to November)
Population
:
41,236,378 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups
:
Black 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%

Swaziland

Official Name
:
Kingdom of Swaziland
Flag Description
:
Three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in yellow; centered in the red band is a large black and white shield covering two spears and a staff decorated with feather tassels, all placed horizontally
Location
:
Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa
Area
:
17,363 sq km;
Capital
:
Mbabane
Climate
:
Varies from tropical to near temperate
Population
:
17,363 sq km; slightly smaller than New Jersey
Ethnic Groups
:
African 97%, European 3%

Togo

Official Name
:
Togolese Republic
Flag Description
:
Five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow; there is a white five-pointed star on a red square in the upper hoist-side corner; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia
Location
:
Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana
Area
:
Total: 56,785 sq km; slightly smaller than West Virginia
Capital
:
Lome
Climate
:
Tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north
Population
:
5,548,702
Ethnic Groups
:
African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%

Tunisia

Official Name
:
Tunisian Republic
Flag Description
:
Red with a white disk in the center bearing a red crescent nearly encircling a red five-pointed star; the crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam
Location
:
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya
Area
:
Total: 163,610 sq km; slightly larger than Georgia
Capital
:
Tunis
Climate
:
Temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south
Population
:
10,175,014 (July 2006 est.)
Ethnic Groups
:
Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%

Uganda

Official Name
:
Republic of Uganda
Flag Description
:
Six equal horizontal bands of black (top), yellow, red, black, yellow, and red; a white disk is superimposed at the center and depicts a red-crested crane (the national symbol) facing the hoist side
Location
:
Eastern Africa, west of Kenya slightly smaller than New Jersey
Area
:
Total: 236,040 sq km; slightly smaller than Oregon
Capital
:
Kampala
Climate
:
Tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast
Population
:
28,195,754
Ethnic Groups
:
Baganda 17%, Ankole 8%, Basoga 8%, Iteso 8%, Bakiga 7%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Batoro 3%, Bunyoro 3%, Alur 2%, Bagwere 2%, Bakonjo 2%, Jopodhola 2%, Karamojong 2%, Rundi 2%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 8%

Zambia

Official Name
:
Republic of Zambia
Flag Description
:
Green with a panel of three vertical bands of red (hoist side), black, and orange below a soaring orange eagle, on the outer edge of the flag
Location
:
Southern Africa, east of Angola
Area
:
Total 752,614 sq km, slightly larger than Texas
Capital
:
Lusaka
Climate
:
Tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)
Population
:
11,502,010
Ethnic Groups
:
African 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2%

Zimbabwe

Official Name
:
Republic of Zimbabwe
Flag Description
:
Seven equal horizontal bands of green, yellow, red, black, red, yellow, and green with a white isosceles triangle edged in black with its base on the hoist side; a yellow Zimbabwe bird representing the long history of the country is superimposed on a red five-pointed star in the center of the triangle, which symbolizes peace; green symbolizes agriculture, yellow - mineral wealth, red - blood shed to achieve independence, and black stands for the native people
Location
:
Southern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia
Area
:
390,580 sq km (slightly larger than Montana)
Capital
:
Harare
Climate
:
Tropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March)
Population
:
12,746,990
Ethnic Groups
:
Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%, mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%
Antigua and Barbuda
Cuba
Puerto Rico
Aruba
Dominica
St. Kitts and Nevis
Bahamas
Grenada
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Barbados
Guadeloupe
St. Lucia
Belize
Haiti
Trinidad and Tobago
British Virgin Islands
Jamaica
Turks and Caicos Islands
 
U.S. Virgin Islands
 
 

Antigua and Barbuda

Area
:
442 sq km (171 sq mi)
Population
:
74,000
Capital
:
St. John's 28,000
Religion
:
Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic
Languages
:
English, local dialects
Literacy
:
89%
Life Expectancy
:

71

Currency
:
East Caribbean dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $11,000
Economy    
Industry
:
Tourism, Construction, Light Manufacturing.
Agriculture
:
Cotton,Fruits, Vegetables, Bananas, Llivestock.
Exports
:
Petroleum Products, Manufactures, Machinery and Transport Equipment, Food and Live Animals.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Seventh Edition, 1999

Aruba

Area
:
193 sq km (75 sq mi)
Population
:
95,000
Capital
:
Oranjestad 29,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages
:
Dutch, Papiamento, English, Spanish
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Bahamas

Area
:
13,939 sq km (5,382 sq mi)
Population
:
311,000
Capital
:
Nassau 222,000
Religion
:
Baptist, Anglican, Roman Catholic
Languages
:
English, Creole
Literacy
:
96%
Life Expectancy
:

72

Currency
:
Bahamian dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $15,300
Economy    
Industry
:
Tourism, Banking, E-Commerce, Cement, Oil Refining and Transshipment.
Agriculture
:
Citrus, Vegetables, Poultry.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Barbados

Area
:
430 sq km (166 sq mi)
Population
:
253,000
Capital
:
Bridgetown 140,000
Religion
:
Protestant, Roman Catholic
Languages
:
English
Literacy
:
97%
Life Expectancy
:

73

Currency
:
Barbadian dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $15,000
Economy    
Industry
:
Tourism, Sugar, Light Manufacturing, Component Assembly for Export.
Agriculture
:
Sugarcane, Vegetables, Cotton.
Exports
:
Sugar and Molasses, Rum, other Foods and Beverages, Chemicals.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Belize

Area
:
22,965 sq km (8,867 sq mi)
Population
:
271,000
Capital
:
Belmopan 9,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages
:
English, Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna, Creole
Literacy
:
94%
Life Expectancy
:

67

Currency
:
Belizean dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $4,900
Economy    
Industry
:
Garment Production, Food Processing, Tourism, Construction.
Agriculture
:
Bananas, Coca, Citrus, Sugar, Fish, Lumber.
Exports
:
Sugar, Bananas, Citrus, Clothing, Fish Products.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

British Virgin Islands

Official Name
:
British Virgin Islands, (BVI) a British dependent territory, claimed in 1672
Population
:
22,700
Capital City
:
Road Town (9,400
Languages
:
English (official)
Official Currency
:
U.S. Dollar
Religions
:
Protestant, others
Land Area
:
59 sq miles (153 sq km)
Latitude/Longitude
:

18º 30N, 64º 30W

Highest Point
:
Mt Sage, 1,780 ft. (521m)

Cuba

Area
:
110,860 sq km (42,803 sq mi)
Population
:
11,279,000
Capital
:
Havana 2,189,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jehovah's Witness, Jewish, Santeria
Languages
:
Spanish
Literacy
:
97%
Life Expectancy
:

76

Currency
:
Cuban peso
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $2,700
Economy    
Industry
:
Sugar, Petroleum, Tobacco, Chemicals
Agriculture
:
Sugar, Tobacco, Citrus, Coffee, Livestock.
Exports
:
Sugar, Nickel, Tobacco, Fish, Medical Products.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Dominica

Area
:
751 sq km (290 sq mi)
Population
:
70,000
Capital
:
Roseau 27,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages
:
English, French patois
Literacy
:
94%
Life Expectancy
:

73

Currency
:
East Caribbean dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $5,400
Economy    
Industry
:
Soap, Coconut Oil, Tourism, Copra.
Agriculture
:
Bananas, Citrus, Mangoes, Root crops.
Exports
:
Bananas, Soap, Bay oil, Vegetables, Grapefruit.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Grenada

Area
:
344 sq km (133 sq mi)
Population
:
105,000
Capital
:
St. George's 33,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Anglican, other Protestant
Languages
:
English, French patois
Literacy
:
98%
Life Expectancy
:

71

Currency
:
East Caribbean dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $5,000
Economy    
Industry
:
Food and Beverages, Textiles, Light Assembly Operations, Tourism.
Agriculture
:
Bananas, Cacao, Nutmeg, Mace.
Exports
:
Bananas, Cacao, Nutmeg, Fruits and Vegetables.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Guadeloupe

Official Name
:
Guadeloupe, a French overseas department
Population
:
440,000
Capital City
:
Basse-Terre (12,000)
Languages
:
French (official), Creole Patois, English is common in most hotels and visitor areas
Latitude/Longitude
:
16º 15N, 61º 35W
Currency
:
Euro
Religions
:

Catholic (95%), others

Land Area
:
629 sq miles (1,629 sq km)
Landforms
:
Basse-Terre is lush, with dense forested areas. It's dominated by a single (still-active) volcano, La Soufriere. It stands at 4,687 ft. (1,484m).
Grande-Terre is mostly a flat limestone-base island, with a few coastal mangrove swamps north of Point-a-Pitre. The other smaller islands are hilly and volcanic in origin. A few small rivers (streams) drain Basse-Terre.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Haiti

Area
:
27,750 sq km (10,714 sq mi)
Population
:
7,528,000
Capital
:
Port-au-Prince 1,961,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Protestant, Voodoo
Languages
:
French, Creole
Literacy
:
53%
Life Expectancy
:

51

Currency
:
gourde
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $1,400
Economy    
Industry
:
Sugar refining, Flour milling, Textiles, Cement.
Agriculture
:
Coffee, Mangoes, Sugarcane, Rice, Wood.
Exports
:
Manufactures, Coffee, Oils, cocoa.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Jamaica

Area
:
10,991 sq km (4,244 sq mi)
Population
:
2,646,000
Capital
:
Kingston 575,000
Religion
:
Protestant, Roman Catholic, other spiritual beliefs
Languages
:
English, English patois
Literacy
:
88%
Life Expectancy
:

75

Currency
:
Jamaican dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $3,800
Economy    
Industry
:
Tourism, Bauxite, Textiles, Food Processing.
Agriculture
:
Sugarcane, Bananas, Coffee, Citrus, Poultry.
Exports
:
Alumina, Bauxite; Sugar, Bananas, Rum.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Puerto Rico

Area
:
9,084 sq km (3,507 sq mi)
Population
:
3,879,000
Capital
:
San Juan 433,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages
:
Spanish, English
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

St. Kitts and Nevis

Area
:
269 sq km (104 sq mi)
Population
:
46,000
Capital
:
Basseterre 13,000
Religion
:
Anglican, other Protestant
Languages
:
English
Literacy
:
97%
Life Expectancy
:

71

Currency
:
East Caribbean dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $8,800
Economy    
Industry
:
Sugar processing, Tourism, Cotton, Salt.
Agriculture
:
Sugarcane, Rice, Yams, Vegetables, Fish.
Exports
:
Machinery, Food, Electronics, Beverages, Tobacco.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Area
:
389 sq km (150 sq mi)
Population
:
110,000
Capital
:
Kingstown 29,000
Religion
:
Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, other Protestant
Languages
:
English, French patois
Literacy
:
96%
Life Expectancy
:

72

Currency
:
East Caribbean dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $2,900
Economy    
Industry
:
Food Processing, Cement, Furniture, Clothing, Starch.
Agriculture
:
Bananas, Coconuts, Sweet Potatoes, Spices, Cattle, Fish.
Exports
:
Bananas, Eddoes, Dasheen (taro), Arrowroot Starch, Tennis Racquets.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

St. Lucia

Area
:
616 sq km (238 sq mi)
Population
:
162,000
Capital
:
Castries 14,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages
:
English, French patois
Literacy
:
67%
Life Expectancy
:

72

Currency
:
East Caribbean dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $5,400
Economy    
Industry
:
Clothing, Assembly of Electronic Components, Beverages, Corrugated Cardboard Boxes.
Agriculture
:
Bananas, Coconuts, Vegetables, Citrus.
Exports
:
Bananas, Clothing, Cacao, Vegetables.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Trinidad and Tobago

Area
:
5,128 sq km (1,980 sq mi)
Population
:
1,309,000
Capital
:
Port-of-Spain 55,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Hindu, Anglican, Muslim, Presbyterian
Languages
:
English, Hindi, French, Spanish
Literacy
:
99%
Life Expectancy
:

71

Currency
:
Trinidad and Tobago dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $10,000
Economy    
Industry
:
Petroleum, Chemicals, Tourism, Food processing.
Agriculture
:
Cacao, Sugarcane, Rice, Citrus, Poultry.
Exports
:
Petroleum and Petroleum Products, Chemicals, Steel products, Fertilizer.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Turks and Caicos Islands

Area
:
430 sq km (166 sq mi)
Population
:
19,000
Capital
:
Cockburn Town 6,000
Religion
:
Baptist, Anglican, Methodist
Languages
:
English
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

U.S. Virgin Islands

Area
:
386 sq km (149 sq mi)
Population
:
110,000
Capital
:
Charlotte Amalie 11,000
Religion
:
Protestant, Roman Catholic
Languages
:
English, Spanish, Creole The U.S. Virgin Islands, in the northern Caribbean, consist of three main islands: St. Thomas, St. John, and St. Croix. St. Thomas is a lively tourist destination, most of St. John is a national park, and St. Croix has industry.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
 
Central America
Belize
El Salvador
Honduras
Costa Rica
Guatemala
Nicaragua
Panama
North America
Mexico
South America
Argentina
Ecuador
Peru
Brazil
French Guiana
Suriname
Chile
Guyana
Uruguay
Colombia
Paraguay
Venezuela
 
Belize
Area
:
22,965 sq km (8,867 sq mi)
Population
:
271,000
Capital
:
Belmopan 9,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages
:
English, Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna, Creole
Literacy
:
94%
Life Expectancy
:
67
Currency
:
Belizean dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $4,900
Economy    
Industry
:
Garment Production, Food Processing, Tourism, Construction.
Agriculture
:
Bananas, Coca, Citrus, Sugar, Fish, Lumber.
Exports
:
Sugar, Bananas, Citrus, Clothing, Fish Products.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
Costa Rica
Area
:
51,100 sq km (19,730 sq mi)
Population
:
4,171,000
Capital
:
San José 1,085,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Evangelical
Languages
:
Spanish, English
Literacy
:
96%
Life Expectancy
:
79
Currency
:
Costa Rican Colon
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $8,300
Economy    
Industry
:
Microprocessors, Food Processing, Textiles and Clothing, Construction Materials.
Agriculture
:
Coffee, Pineapples, Bananas, Sugar, Beef, Timber.
Exports
:
Coffee, Bananas, Sugar, Pineapples, Textiles.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
El Salvador
Area
:
21,041 sq km (8,124 sq mi)
Population
:
6,640,000
Capital
:
San Salvador 1,424,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Evangelical
Languages
:
Spanish, Nahua
Literacy
:
80%
Life Expectancy
:
70
Currency
:
US dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $4,600
Economy    
Industry
:
Food Processing, Beverages, Petroleum, Chemicals.
Agriculture
:
Coffee, Sugar, Corn, Rice; Shrimp, Beef.
Exports
:
Offshore Assembly Exports, Coffee, Sugar, Shrimp, Textiles, Chemicals, Electricity.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
Guatemala
Official Name
:
Republic of Guatemala
Population
:
14,223,400
Capital City
:
Guatemala
Languages
:
Spanish (official)
Official Currency
:
Quetzal
Religions
:
Catholic, others
Land Area
:
108,430 sq km (41,865 sq miles)
Latitude/Longitude
:
14º 63N, 90º 55W
Highest Pt.
:
Volcan Tajumulco, 13,846 ft. (4,220 m)
Honduras
Area
:
112,492 sq km (43,433 sq mi)
Population
:
6,876,000
Capital
:
Tegucigalpa 1,007,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic
Languages
:
Spanish, Amerindian Dialects
Literacy
:
76%
Life Expectancy
:
71
Currency
:
lempira
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $2,500
Economy    
Industry
:
Sugar, Coffee, Textiles, Clothing.
Agriculture
:
Bananas, Coffee, Citrus, Beef, Timber, Shrimp.
Exports
:
Coffee, Bananas, Shrimp, Lobster, Meat.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
Nicaragua
Area
:
130,000 sq km (50,193 sq mi)
Population
:
5,482,000
Capital
:
Managua 1,098,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages
:
Spanish, English, indigenous languages
Literacy
:
68%
Life Expectancy
:
69
Currency
:
Gold Cordoba
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $2,200
Economy    
Industry
:
Food processing, chemicals, Machinery and Metal Products, Textiles.
Agriculture
:
Coffee, Bananas, Sugarcane, Cotton, Beef, Veal.
Exports
:
Coffee, Shrimp and Lobster, Cotton, Tobacco, Bananas
Text source
:

National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Panama
Area
:
75,517 sq km (29,157 sq mi)
Population
:
2,981,000
Capital
:
Panama City 930,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages
:
Spanish, English
Literacy
:
93%
Life Expectancy
:
74
Currency
:
Balboa, US Dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $6,200
Economy    
Industry
:
Construction, Petroleum Refining, Brewing, Cement and other Construction Materials.
Agriculture
:
Bananas, Rice, Corn, Coffee, Livestock, Shrimp.
Exports
:
Bananas, Shrimp, Sugar, Coffee, Clothing.
Text source
:

National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Mexico
Area
:
1,964,375 sq km (758,449 sq mi)
Population
:
104,878,000
Capital
:
Mexico City 19,013,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages
:
Spanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other indigenous languages
Literacy
:
92%
Life Expectancy
:
75
Currency
:
Mexican peso
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $8,900
Economy    
Industry
:
Food and Beverages, Tobacco, Chemicals, Iron and Steel.
Agriculture
:
Corn, Wheat, Soybeans, Rice, Beef, Wood Products.
Exports
:
Manufactured Goods, Oil and Oil Products, Silver, Fruits, Vegetables.
Text source
:

National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Argentina
Area
:
2,780,400 sq km (1,073,518 sq mi)
Population
:
36,925,000
Capital
:
Buenos Aires 13,349,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic
Languages
:
Spanish, English, Italian, German, French
Literacy
:
97%
Life Expectancy
:
74
Currency
:
Argentine peso
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $10,500
Economy    
Industry
:
Food Processing, Motor Vehicles, Consumer Durables, Textiles.
Agriculture
:
Sunflower Seeds, Lemons, Soybeans, Livestock.
Exports
:
Edible Oils, Fuels and Energy, Cereals, Feed, Motor Vehicles
Text source
:

National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

Brazil
Area
:
8,547,403 sq km (3,300,169 sq mi)
Population
:
176,464,000
Capital
:
Brasília 3,099,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic
Languages
:
Portuguese, Spanish, English, French
Literacy
:
86%
Life Expectancy
:
69
Currency
:
real
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $7,600
Economy    
Industry
:
Textiles, Shoes, Chemicals, Cement, Lumber, Iron ore.
Agriculture
:
Coffee, Soybeans, Wheat, Rice, Beef.
Exports
:
Transport Equipment, Iron ore, Soybeans, Footwear, Coffee.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
Chile
Area
:
756,096 sq km (291,930 sq mi)
Population
:
15,774,000
Capital
:
Santiago 5,623,00
Religion
:
Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages
:
Spanish
Literacy
:
96%
Life Expectancy
:
76
Currency
:
Chilean peso
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $10,100
Economy    
Industry
:
Copper, other Minerals, Foodstuffs, Fish Processing, Iron and Steel.
Agriculture
:
Wheat, Corn, Grapes, Beans, Beef, Fish, Timber.
Exports
:
Copper, Fish, Fruits, Paper and Pulp, Chemicals.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
Colombia
Area
:
1,141,748 sq km (440,831 sq mi)
Population
:
44,172,000
Capital
:
Bogotá 7,594,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic
Languages
:
Spanish
Literacy
:
93%
Life Expectancy
:
71
Currency
:
Colombian peso
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $6,100
Economy    
Industry
:
Textiles, Food Processing, Oil, Clothing and Footwear.
Agriculture
:
Coffee, Cut Flowers, Bananas, Rice, Forest Products, Shrimp.
Exports
:

Petroleum, Coffee, Coal, Apparel, Bananas, Cut Flowers.

Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
Ecuador
Area
:
283,560 sq km (109,483 sq mi)
Population
:
12,558,000
Capital
:
Quito 1,451,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic
Languages
:
Spanish, Quechua
Literacy
:
93%
Life Expectancy
:
71
Currency
:
US dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $3,200
Economy    
Industry
:
Petroleum, Food processing, Textiles, Metal Work.
Agriculture
:
Bananas, Coffee, Cacao, Rice; Cattle, Balsa Wood, Fish.
Exports
:
Petroleum, Bananas, Shrimp, Coffee, Cacao.
Text source
:

National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004

French Guiana
Area
:
86,504 sq km (33,400 sq mi)
Population
:
182,000
Capital
:
Cayenne 56,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic
Languages
:
French
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
Guyana
Area
:
214,969 sq km (83,000 sq mi)
Population
:
765,000
Capital
:
Georgetown 231,000
Religion
:
Christian, Hindu, Muslim
Languages
:
English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
Literacy
:
99%
Life Expectancy
:
63
Currency
:
Guyanese dollar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $3,800
Economy    
Industry
:
Bauxite, Sugar, Rice Milling, Timber, Textiles.
Agriculture
:
Sugar, Rice, Wheat, Vegetable Oils, Beef, Shrimp.
Exports
:
Sugar, Gold, Bauxite/Alumina, Rice, Shrimp.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
Paraguay
Area
:
406,752 sq km (157,048 sq mi)
Population
:
6,188,000
Capital
:
Asunción 1,639,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic
Languages
:
Spanish, Guarani
Literacy
:
94%
Life Expectancy
:
71
Currency
:
Guarani
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $4,300
Economy    
Industry
:
Sugar, Cement, Textiles, Beverages.
Agriculture
:
Cotton, Sugarcane, Soybeans, Corn, Beef, Timber.
Exports
:
Soybeans, Feed, Cotton, Meat, Edible Oils.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
Peru
Area
:
1,285,216 sq km (496,224 sq mi)
Population
:
27,126,000
Capital
:
Lima 8,180,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic
Languages
:
Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Literacy
:
91%
Life Expectancy
:
69
Currency
:
nuevo sol
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $5,000
Economy    
Industry
:
Mining of Metals, Petroleum, Fishing, Textiles, Clothing, Food Processing.
Agriculture
:
Coffee, Cotton, Sugarcane, Rice, Poultry, Fish.
Exports
:
Fish and Fish Products, Gold, Copper, Zinc, Crude Petroleum and Byproducts.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
Suriname
Area
:
163,265 sq km (63,037 sq mi)
Population
:
444,000
Capital
:
Paramaribo 253,000
Religion
:
Hindu, Protestant (Moravian), Roman Catholic, Muslim
Languages
:
Dutch, English, Sranang Tongo (Taki-Taki), Hindustani, Javanese
Literacy
:
93%
Life Expectancy
:
70
Currency
:
Surinamese guilder
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $3,400
Economy    
Industry
:
Bauxite and Gold Mining, Alumina Production, Oil, Lumbering, Food Processing.
Agriculture
:
Paddy Rice, Bananas, Palm Kernels, Beef, Forest Products, Shrimp.
Exports
:
Alumina, Crude Oil, Lumber, Shrimp and Fish, Rice.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
Uruguay
Area
:
176,215 sq km (68,037 sq mi)
Population
:
3,380,000
Capital
:
Montevideo 1,341,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic
Languages
:
Spanish, Portunol, Brazilero
Literacy
:
98%
Life Expectancy
:
75
Currency
:
Uruguayan peso
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $7,900
Economy    
Industry
:
Food Processing, Electrical Machinery, Transportation Equipment, Petroleum Products.
Agriculture
:
Rice, Wheat, Corn, Barley, Livestock, Fish.
Exports
:
Meat, Rice, Leather Products, wool, Vehicles.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
Venezuela
Area
:
912,050 sq km (352,144 sq mi)
Population
:
25,698,000
Capital
:
Caracas 3,226,000
Religion
:
Roman Catholic
Languages
:
Spanish, Indigenous Dialects
Literacy
:
93%
Life Expectancy
:
73
Currency
:
Bolivar
GDP Per Capital
:
U.S. $5,400
Economy    
Industry
:
Petroleum, Iron Ore Mining, Construction Materials, Food Processing.
Agriculture
:
Corn, Sorghum, Sugarcane, Rice, Beef, Fish.
Exports
:
Petroleum, Bauxite and Aluminum, Steel, Chemicals, Agricultural Products.
Text source
:
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition, 2004
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